Charlottesville's history dates back to the 1700s. The city was established in 1762 as a courthouse town serving Albemarle County. Charlottesville was named for Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, and was incorporated as a city in 1888. Today, Charlottesville is a great city, chock full of diverse industry, outstanding educational institutions and, yes, history.
Non-manufacturing industries employ the greatest portion of the area's employed residents, with the University of Virginia and the University of Virginia Health System employing more than 16,000 people. Besides education and healthcare, the manufacturing, tourism, wholesale and retail, finance, insurance and real estate industries are going strong in this area.
In addition to various specialized health services, Charlottesville and Albemarle County offer two excellent medical facilities: the University of Virginia Health System and Martha Jefferson Hospital. The Health System includes a 591-bed hospital, a level one trauma center, and outpatient clinics throughout Charlottesville and neighboring counties. Martha Jefferson Hospital provides full medical and emergency care with 200 beds.
The University of Virginia, also known as "Mr. Jefferson University," is very important to the community. With neoclassical buildings, white porticoes and impressive vistas, the grounds of the University of Virginia are considered to be among the most beautiful in America. Industry is able to take advantage of the excellent research and training facilities the University offers. The School of Engineering and Applied Science, the McIntire School of Commerce, and the Darden School provide a valuable source from which industry and businesses are continually recruiting qualified personnel.
Charlottesville is thriving during this economic downturn with an extremely low unemployment rate, excellent housing costs and a wide variety of industries. Residents also enjoy the area's historic attractions, such as Monticello, the "Little Mountain" home of Thomas Jefferson. All in all, Charlottesville has a little bit of everything for business professionals.